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IDS Nepal/Multi Stakeholder Forestry Programme

IDS Nepal/Multi Stakeholder Forestry Programme

Out of five districts in MSFP Lot-VI, two districts Achham&Bajhang are situated in Far-Western Region and three districts Dalikh, Kalikot and Jajarkot are in Mid-Western Region. These all five districts are remote and very young mountainous therefore it is very challenging for program implementation. Due to lack of physical infrastructures and others basic fundamental services these areas are highly vulnerable to climate change. We developed eight indicators and consulted with the experts for selection of focus VDC which can meet objective of the program. Out of 238 VDCs of five districts, IDS Nepal has selected one-third VDCs on pilot phase with the help of DFSCC and District Support Mechanism (DSM). Selection of one-third VDCs was another challenging task. Using Ranking Matrix tool, we have selected one-third that is 82 focus VDCs in project district in an initial phase.  Having a wide range of geographical and ecological diversities, these districts are productive for raising income to poor people from high value Non timber forest products (NTFP) i.eYarsagumba, Resin, Chiraito, loth salla etc. According to NAPA document, rainfall pattern of this area is uncertain and shifting to other direction which seems big problem for the sustainable forest management as well as natural resources. Regeneration of forest in this area is very low and also in patches on young mountain with high altitudinal range in some areas.

In Lot VI, 55% of the land is forested, much of which is located in high altitudes. The longest and biggest rivers in Nepal (Bheri, Seti, Karnali) are located in the low land areas, but water scarcity still exists in the watershed. Lot VI is one of the most vulnerable areas to climate change, but it is a potential area for non timber forest products, including allo, chiuri, lokta, and beekeeping.

MSFP is the first program of its kind as the product of a multi stakeholder design process undertaken in Nepal’s forestry sector. It builds on the achievements of over 20 years of forestry work by the Government of Nepal (GoN) and is jointly funded by the Governments of Nepal, UK, Switzerland and Finland.

Lot VI is the new area of intervention of forestry projects so the issues in this area are more in terms of sustainable forest management. The issues like governance, active participation, livelihoods, benefit sharing for poor and pro-poor, women participation is the key issues in this area. Most of the LFG in this area does not have a bank account. Due to lack of awareness of user’s members, CF does not operate according to the CFUG guideline. Due to Maoist insurgency, about 20% of the LFG does not have their OP and Constitution as well as record in district forest office. LFG have now been activated and they have applied for the amendment of their OP.

 

Major Achievements of Lot VI:

Outcome 1: Government and non-state actors jointly and effectively implementing inclusive forest sector strategies, policies and plans.

Initially, the IDS/MSFP programme was endorsed by each district DDC on the recommendations of the DFSCC. These district support mechanisms (DSMs) also endorsed the selection of NGOs for implementation as well as the recruitment and selection process of social mobilizers. The DFSCC and DSMs held regular meetings in each district to support the process. As well, IDS/MSFP has been endorsed by the Agriculture, Forestry and Environment committee of each DDC for the preparation of a DDC council for the next fiscal year (2071-72).

 

Outcome 2: Private sector (farmers, entrepreneurs, and financial institutions) increase investment and jobs in the forestry sector.

IDS/MSFP has identified potential forest-based enterprises such as chiuri, allo, and bell processing. So far, 135 target households have been trained in allo processing and have started small enterprises (HH level) to improve their income. Strategies have also been created to innovate new areas of intervention in enterprises, as well as explored the option of a joint implementation of enterprises with Mega Bank Dailekh.

 

Outcome 3: Rural communities – especially poor, disadvantaged and climate vulnerable people and households - benefit from local forest management and other investments.

Since implementation began, 109 local forestry groups (LFGs) have established a revolving fund for income generation activities (IGAs) with about Rs. 13,100,000 (20% from LFGs and individuals, remainder from MSFP), particularly aimed at women, the poor, and disadvantaged groups. Altogether 1133HHs (87% from disadvantaged groups) started their IGAs and 2820 HHs prepared their LIP. As well, 61 social mobilizers have been trained and become employed full-time by the LPO. Vulnerable communities were also made aware of climate change and many individuals showed a high level of commitment to share these issues. 15 adaptation plans were prepared and put in process for implementation, and in Dailekh, a VDC-endorsed adaption plan and allocated budget were prepared for implementation.

Outcome 4: Forest and trees sustainably managed and monitored by government, communities and private sector and climate resilient.                              

During this phased, 4300 multipurpose seedlings were planted on degraded land. In addition, 220 contracts were signed with local service providers for the revision of LFG operation plans (OPs) in the active presence of the DFO and 78 LRPs were trained on forest inventory and OP preparation. In Dailekh, Rawatkot was selected for Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) and a VDC was allocated Rs 1 lakh for the implementation of an adaptation plan, which was forwarded to the DDC council. The planning process has used a bottom-up approach so that activities can be endorsed by the VDC council. As well, the programme is being monitored by the RSM in Achham, Kalikot, and Dailekh, and the DFSCC in Achham

 

Implementing Agencies

                                               

 Prepared on 23rd February 2014 by IDS/MSFP team

Blogged by:

Gopal Kafle – IDS/MSFP Area Programe Manager

Contact – gkafle43@gmail.com , gopal@idsnepal.org